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Research on Black Holes wins 2020 Nobel Prize in Physics


Research on Black Holes wins 2020 Nobel Prize in Physics
The detailed information about Nobel Prize 2020.

The 2020 Nobel Prize in Physics has been   awarded  for ground breaking research on black holes and revealing Milky Way's darkest secrets. 



The prize has been won by the 
US - German - UK trio.

Roger Penrose, UK







For the discovery that black hole formation is a robust prediction of general relativity.

Andrea Ghez, USA







and
R. Genzel, Germany







For the discovery of a supermassive compact object at the center of our galaxy. 

Prize Money:-

The total prize money is $1.1 million or 10 million Swedish Krona. 
One-half will be awarded to Penrose and the rest will be divided between Genzel and Ghez.

Details of the research conducted :-

Penrose, 89, showed that general relativity leads to the formation of black holes.

He used the mathematical modelling to prove the existence of objects from which even light can't escape.

Genzel, 68, and Ghez, 55, have been awarded the prize for studying the center of our galaxy.

They discovered that an invisible object governs the orbits of stars at the center of the Milky Way.

They led research since the early 1990s focusing on the region called Sagittarius A*.

It is a very bright region- location of a supermassive black hole.

Genzel and Ghez developed methods to see through the interstellar dust and gas to the center of our galaxy.

They refined new techniques to compensate for the distortion caused by the Earth's atmosphere.

Using radio telescopes, they found the object that is about 4 million times more massive than the sun.

Their work has given the most convincing evidence yet of a supermassive black hole at the center of the Milky Way.

Though their discoveries have broken new ground in the study of compact and supermassive objects. Black hole still pose many questions that beg for answers and motivate future research.

Testing our theory of gravity under the extream conditions in the immediate vicinity of the black hole is still a major challenge for Cosmologists and astrophysicist.

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